What Is The Pathway Of Blood Through The Kidney?

What is meant by a retroperitoneal kidney?

The kidneys are considered “retroperitoneal” organs, which means they sit behind a lining in the abdominal cavity, unlike all other abdominal organs.


Where does blood go immediately after being in the efferent arterioles of the kidney?

Afferent arterioles branch off which ultimately leads into the glomerulus of Bowman’s capsule. From here, efferent arterioles begin to form the venous system and subdivide into another set of capillaries known as the peritubular capillaries. Blood then leaves the kidney and enters the venous circulation.

What is the correct order of urine flow?

Urine transport follows a path through the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, which are collectively known as the urinary tract.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

What toxins do the kidneys filter?

The most common waste products are urea and creatinine, but there are many other substances that need to be eliminated. The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream.

What is the basic functional unit of the kidney?

Nephron, functional unit of the kidney, the structure that actually produces urine in the process of removing waste and excess substances from the blood. There are about 1,000,000 nephrons in each human kidney.

What three hormones factors do the kidneys secrete into the blood?

The kidney secretes (1) renin, a key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) that leads to the production of a potent pressor hormone angiotensin, and produces the following hormones and humoral factors: (2) kallikreins, a group of serine pro- teases that act on blood proteins to produce a vasorelaxing peptide …

What waste does the kidney remove?

The kidneys remove waste products called urea from the blood through nephrons. Nephrons are tiny filtering units. There are about one million nephrons in each kidney. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule.

What is the order of blood vessels in which blood enters the kidney?

Oxygenated blood comes to the kidneys from the right and left renal arteries off the abdominal aorta. Deoxygenated blood leaves the kidneys via the right and left renal veins that run into to the inferior vena cava.

Where does blood go as it flows through a kidney quizlet?

1. As the blood flows from afferent arterioles to glomeruli to efferent arterioles, it is flowing from arterioles to capillaries to arterioles, instead of arterioles to capillaries tovenules. 2. As the blood flows through the kidneys it flows through 2 capillary beds.

What is the pathway of urine through the kidney?

From the calyxes, pee travels out of the kidneys through the ureters (pronounced: YUR-uh-ters) to be stored in the bladder (a muscular sac in the lower belly). When a person urinates, the pee exits the bladder and goes out of the body through the urethra (pronounced: yoo-REE-thruh), another tube-like structure.

Which region of the nephron is water actively transported?

Anatomy ch 20QuestionAnswerThe reabsorption of glucose occurs primarily through the walls of theProximal convoluted tubuleWhat increases the rate of glomerular filtration?Increased blood pressureWhat regions of the nephron is water actively transported?None of the above33 more rows