Quick Answer: Which Disease Spread Through Direct Contact?

Which of the following is an example of a direct contact transmission?

Examples of direct contact are touching, kissing, sexual contact, contact with oral secretions, or contact with body lesions.

Indirect contact infections spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs, sending infectious droplets into the air..

What are the common methods of transmission of diseases Class 9?

Disease TransmissionPerson to Person. When an infected person comes in contact with or exchanges body fluids with a non-infected person. … Droplet Transmission. … Spread by skin. … Spread through body fluids or blood. … Airborne Transmission. … Contaminated Objects. … Vector-Borne Diseases. … 4.Food and Drinking Water.More items…•

Which disease is not transmitted by mosquitoes?

Mosquitoes are carriers for several infamous viruses, most notably malaria and dengue fever. In fact, mosquitoes, through mosquito borne diseases, kill more people per year than any other animal. Luckily for humans, the HIV virus is not carried or spread by mosquitoes.

Which is the most contagious disease?

Common cold – This is the most highly contagious and the most common infectious disease in humans. This is an infection that has been a common thing since the existence of humanity.

What can break the chain of infection?

Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment, …

Do you need a mask for contact precautions?

As described in PPE Module 1, respiratory hygiene should be part of Standard Precautions. Health care personnel caring for patients on Droplet Precautions must wear a face mask for close patient contact, considered to be within six feet or less or in the room of the patient.

What are the 4 types of disease transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host.

What diseases are transmitted through saliva?

Does Saliva Have Health Risks? 3 Ways Germs Can SpreadRhinovirus (colds)Flu virus.Epstein-Barr virus (mononucleosis, or mono)Type 1 herpes (cold sores)Strep bacteria.Hepatitis B and hepatitis C.Cytomegalovirus (a risk for babies in the womb)

How can we stop diseases from spreading?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What is the most effective way to break the chain of infection and prevent disease?

Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment, …

What is direct contact transmission?

In direct transmission, an infectious agent is transferred from a reservoir to a susceptible host by direct contact or droplet spread. Direct contact occurs through skin-to-skin contact, kissing, and sexual intercourse. Direct contact also refers to contact with soil or vegetation harboring infectious organisms.

How can direct contact transmission be prevented?

How to prevent disease transmissionwash your hands or use hand sanitizer before handling food and after shaking hands.always wash with soap and water if your hands are visibly soiled.try to minimize touching your mouth or nose with your hands.avoid sick people, if possible.More items…

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Simply put, yes. Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What are examples of transmission based precautions?

Transmission-based precautionsairborne transmission, e.g., pulmonary tuberculosis, chickenpox, measles.droplet transmission, e.g., influenza, pertussis (whooping cough), rubella.contact transmission (direct or indirect), e.g., viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, MRSA, scabies.

What does contact precautions mean?

Contact precautions are used when a person has a type of bacteria or virus on the skin or in a sore, or elsewhere in the body, such as the intestine, that can be transmitted to someone else if that person touches the infected individual or contaminated surfaces or equipment near the infected individual.

What infections require contact precautions?

Contact Precautions – measures used for diseases caused by epidemiologically important microorganisms that may be transmitted easily by contact with the patient’s intact skin or with contaminated environmental surfaces (e.g. Clostridium difficile, MRSA, VRE, RSV).

How are diseases transmitted?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What are the three types of transmission based precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.