Quick Answer: What Term Describes Hospital Acquired Infections?

What is the most common type of hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI)..

How common are hospital acquired infections?

In American hospitals alone, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that HAIs account for an estimated 1.7 million infections and 99,000 associated deaths each year. Of these infections: 32 percent of all healthcare-acquired infection are urinary tract infections.

What infections can you pick up in hospital?

The most common infection patients pick up in the hospital is pneumonia, followed by gastrointestinal illness, urinary tract infections, primary bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, and other types of infections.

What is the most common way a nosocomial infection is acquired?

The most important and frequent mode of transmission of nosocomial infections is by direct contact.

What do we mean by nosocomial infections and give examples?

A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.

What are the three common types of HAIs?

Major Types of HAIs​Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)Surgical site infection (SSI)Ventilator-associated events (VAE)

How can hospital acquired infection be prevented?

Wash Your Hands. Hand washing should be the cornerstone of reducing HAIs. … Create an Infection-Control Policy. … Identify Contagions ASAP. … Provide Infection Control Education. … Use Gloves. … Provide Isolation-Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment. … Disinfect and Keep Surfaces Clean. … Prevent Patients From Walking Barefoot.More items…•

How infection is spread in hospitals?

Germs that cause contagious infections are present in secretions (mucus, saliva) or excretions (vomit, stool) of people with the infection. Your hands touching skin or objects contaminated with these body fluids and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes is the most common way of acquiring these contagious infections.

What are the 6 components of the chain of infection?

The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.

Which term describes a hospital acquired infection such as MRSA?

Nosocomial infections, also known as hospital-acquired infections, are newly acquired infections that are contracted within a hospital environment. Transmission usually occurs via healthcare workers, patients, hospital equipment, or interventional procedures.

What is hospital infection?

Hospital-acquired infections (also known as healthcare associated infections) are complications that can occur as a result of medical treatment and are caused by micro-organisms such as bacteria and viruses. Some of these micro-organisms can be found in the environment, and some live normally within the body.

What is a nosocomial infection?

Nosocomial infections also referred to as healthcare-associated infections (HAI), are infection(s) acquired during the process of receiving health care that was not present during the time of admission.

What are the most common healthcare acquired infections?

13 most common healthcare-associated infectionsPneumonia: 21.8 percent of all healthcare-associated infections.Surgical-site infection: 21.8 percent.Gastrointestinal infection: 17.1 percent.Urinary tract infection: 12.9 percent.Primary bloodstream infections: 9.9 percent.Eye, ear, nose, throat or mouth infection: 5.6 percent.More items…•

What kinds of germs can cause Hcais?

HCAI covers a wide range of infections. The most well known include those caused by Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Clostridium difficile (C. diff) and Escherichia coli (E coli).