Quick Answer: What Is Water Borne Diseases With Examples?

How do water borne diseases spread?

Transmission.

Water borne diseases spread by contamination of drinking water systems with the urine and faeces of infected animal or people..

Why are water borne diseases a problem?

Waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and other gastrointestinal problems. Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event (rainfall, snowfall).

Which diseases is caused by water borne bacteria?

BacteriaDisease and transmissionMicrobial agentBotulismClostridium botulinumCampylobacteriosisMost commonly caused by Campylobacter jejuniCholeraSpread by the bacterium Vibrio choleraeE. coli InfectionCertain strains of Escherichia coli (commonly E. coli)8 more rows

What are the 5 major food borne illnesses?

The top five germs that cause illnesses from food eaten in the United States are:Norovirus.Salmonella.Clostridium perfringens.Campylobacter.Staphylococcus aureus (Staph)

What are the most common food borne diseases?

Commonly recognized foodborne infections are:Norovirus Infection (aka Norwalk virus, calicivirus, viral gastroenteritis)Salmonellosis (Salmonella)Scombroid Fish Poisoning.Shigellosis (Shigella)Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)Vibrio Infection (Vibrio parahaemolyticus)Yersiniosis (Yersinia species)More items…

What is vector borne diseases with example?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

What are water borne diseases give two examples?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

What are food and water borne diseases?

Foodborne, commonly called food poisoning, and waterborne illnesses are conditions caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by microbes or the toxins they produce. They typically cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

What are the 6 food borne diseases?

6 Common Foodborne Illnesses & How to Prevent ThemNorovirus.Salmonella.Clostridium perfringens.Campylobacter.E. coli.Listeria.

What are the examples of air borne diseases?

Common airborne diseasesInfluenza: The seasonal “flu” virus spreads easily from person to person. … The common cold: The condition called “a cold” is usually caused by a rhinovirus. … Varicella zoster: This virus causes chickenpox and spreads easily among young children.More items…

Is Hepatitis is a waterborne disease?

Hepatitis, a broad term for inflammation of the liver, has a number of infectious and non-infectious causes. Two of the viruses that cause hepatitis (hepatitis A and E) can be transmitted through water and food; hygiene is therefore important in their control.

What is meant by water borne diseases?

Waterborne illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease-causing microbes or pathogens. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread.

What is the most common water borne disease?

Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom….DysenteryStomach cramps and pain.Diarrhea.Fever.Nausea.Vomiting.Dehydration.

What are the common water borne diseases in the community?

Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact The pathogenic microorganisms, their toxic exudates, and other contaminants together, cause serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, amebiasis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, scabies, and worm infections, to name a few.

How do you prevent water borne diseases?

Prevention of Food and Water Borne IllnessUse good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

Is dengue a water borne disease?

Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A. Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever.