Question: What Happens If I Get Listeria While Pregnant?

Can Listeria cause birth defects?

Listeriosis infection has not been linked to an increased chance of birth defects..

Can food poisoning hurt my unborn baby?

Normal changes in your body during pregnancy may make you more likely to get food poisoning. During pregnancy, food poisoning can cause serious problems for you and your baby, including premature birth, miscarriage and stillbirth.

What are the odds of getting listeria while pregnant?

Although the CDC states that pregnant women are 20 times more likely to become infected than non-pregnant healthy adults, the number of cases of listeriosis in pregnant women is about 17%.

How do you know if you have listeria when pregnant?

Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria. Many pregnant women do not have any symptoms.

Does Listeria always cause miscarriage?

During the first trimester of pregnancy, listeriosis may cause miscarriage. As the pregnancy progresses to third trimester, the mother is more at risk. Listeriosis can also lead to premature labor, the delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, or infant death.

Is Listeria rare in pregnancy?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are approximately 1,600 cases of listeriosis in the United States each year. But only about one in seven cases—or about 200 cases per year—occur in pregnant women, out of nearly 4 million pregnancies every year.

What is the incubation period for listeria?

This form of disease is characterized by severe symptoms and a high mortality rate (20%–30%). The symptoms include fever, myalgia (muscle pain), septicemia, meningitis. The incubation period is usually one to two weeks but can vary between a few days and up to 90 days.

Do you get tested for listeria while pregnant?

An exposed pregnant woman with a fever higher than 38.1°C (100.6°F) and signs and symptoms consistent with listeriosis for whom no other cause of illness is known should be simultaneously tested and treated for presumptive listeriosis. Diagnosis is made primarily by blood culture.

What to do if you think you have listeria?

You should seek medical care and tell the doctor about eating possibly contaminated food if you have a fever and other symptoms of possible listeriosis, such as fatigue and muscle aches, within two months after eating possibly contaminated food.

What does listeria do to an unborn baby?

In very extreme cases the listeriosis infection can spread to your developing baby, leading to complications such as septicaemia, meningitis, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature labour, the delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, a wide range of health problems for a newborn, or in the most severe cases, infant death.

What if I ate deli meat while pregnant?

Listeria is killed by pasteurization and cooking. Cold cuts are now sprayed with a food additive that helps prevent Listeria before packaging. You don’t need to panic if you are pregnant and have been eating deli meats. The probabilities are in your favor that nothing has happened.

How does Listeria cause miscarriage?

The team speculates that perhaps the inflammation caused by the maternal immune response to the rapid invasion of the Listeria cells also affects the placenta, impairing its ability to shield the fetus.

How do you know if you have salmonella when pregnant?

Like other food-borne illnesses, Salmonella infection (for which pregnant women are not at increased risk) typically presents with fever and gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, and diarrhea16; however, bacteremia, which is estimated to occur in approximately 4% of cases, might lead to …