Question: What Factors Contribute To Disease?

How can reduce health risk?

Proper eating and exercise as well as keeping your weight within a healthy range are all ways to keep your blood pressure controlled.

An important part of healthy eating and blood pressure control is choosing foods that are low in salt (sodium chloride) and other forms of sodium..

What is the most common health problem?

Top health concerns As for diseases, here are the most frequently mentioned concerns: obesity: 15% cancer: 14% diabetes: 2%

What are the factors that causes diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are the 3 risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…•

What are social and environmental factors?

Social and environmental determinants of health are the full set of social and physical conditions in which people live and work, including socioeconomic, demographic, environmental and cultural factors, along with the health system. Socioeconomic and demographic determinants.

Who is most at risk of diabetes?

Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:Inactivity. … Family history. … Race or ethnicity. … Age. … Prediabetes. … Gestational diabetes. … Polycystic ovarian syndrome. … Areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck. This condition often indicates insulin resistance.More items…•

What is health risk factors give examples?

Health risk factors like smoking, excessive drinking, illicit drug use, lack of physical activity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake and overweight have powerful influences on health, and there are frequently clear inter-regional differences between the prevalence of these.

What are the five environmental factors?

They include:Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food.Natural and technological disasters.Climate change.Occupational hazards.The built environment.

How can environmental factors affect health?

A number of specific environmental issues can impede human health and wellness. These issues include chemical pollution, air pollution, climate change, disease-causing microbes, lack of access to health care, poor infrastructure, and poor water quality.

What are biological and environmental factors?

Biological factors such as breeding behavior, care of young, time of last eating, and food storage cause changes in daily activity patterns. Similarly, environmental factors such as temperature, snow cover, food supply and disturbance caused by humans in an urban setting also cause changes in daily activity patterns.

What is meant by disease burden?

Disease burden is the impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators. It is often quantified in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) or disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).

What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are 5 common health risk factors?

Your personal health risk factors include your age, sex, family health history, lifestyle, and more. Some risks factors can’t be changed, such as your genes or ethnicity. Others are within your control, like your diet, physical activity, and whether you wear a seatbelt.

What are the factors that affecting disease burden?

In 2013, the six most important risk factors for disease burden globally were dietary risks, high systolic blood pressure, child and maternal malnutrition, tobacco, air pollution, and high body mass index (a measure of body fat). This set of risks reflects a general shift toward behavioral and metabolic risks.

What are the 6 health risk factors?

23 These six prior- ity health-risk behaviors are: alcohol and other drug use, behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence (including suicide), tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity and sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted …

What are the causes and risk factors for developing illness?

Some risk factors can be changed, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Healthy lifestyle changes as well as a healthy environment can decrease your risk for developing some diseases (NIH 2017).

What are 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.