Question: Can Communicable Diseases Be Spread From Person To Person?

What are 3 ways communicable diseases are spread?

Some ways in which communicable diseases spread are by:Physical contact with an infected person, e.g.

through touch (staphylococcus), sexual contact (gonorrhoea, HIV), faecal/oral transmission (hepatitis A), or droplet (influenza)Contact with a contaminated surfaces or objects (Norovirus), food (salmonella, E.More items….

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are 6 ways that communicable diseases can be spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

Can u catch a virus?

Like bacterial infections, many viral infections are also contagious. They can be transmitted from person to person in many of the same ways, including: coming into close contact with a person who has a viral infection. contact with the body fluids of a person with a viral infection.

What are the five means of transmission of infection?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

Can non communicable diseases be spread from person to person?

A noncommunicable disease is a noninfectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease. A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle, and environmental factors can cause these diseases.

How can communicable diseases be transmitted?

Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by viruses or bacteria that people spread to one another through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily fluids, blood products, insect bites, or through the air.

Are all communicable diseases contagious?

All contagious diseases are infectious, but not all infectious diseases are contagious. Contagious diseases are infectious diseases that are easily spread through contact with other people.

How can we prevent the spread of communicable diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the control of communicable disease?

The control of communicable diseases depends on a healthy environment (clean water, adequate sanitation, vector control, shelter), immunization, and health workers trained in early diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to effective environmental health measures, epidemics following disasters are no longer common.

What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What are the 4 main types of NCDs?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…

Which is highly contagious disease?

Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. The infection causes uncontrollable coughing fits that result in a “whooping” sound and make it difficult to breathe.